Pityrosporum Folliculitis and Acne

Title: Pityrosporum folliculitis: diagnosis and management in 6 female adolescents with acne vulgaris
Ayers K, Sweeney SM, Wiss K
Publication: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005 Jan;159(1):64-7.

Pityrosporum folliculitis is a common skin inflammation that may look like acne vulgaris (or the common acne). Some teenagers who have lesions that are resistant to treatment may actually have acne and Pityrosporum folliculitis simultaneously. Pityrosporum folliculitis can also create inflamed lesion in the face, back, and chest. Although it is a common condition, it is less frequently identified or diagnosed by doctors. Moreoever, Pityrosporum folliculitis often worsen with traditional acne therapy and should be treated with antifungals instead.

In this paper, the author treated 6 female patients with both acne and Pityrosporum folliculitis disease. They perform a potassium hydroxide examination to confirm the presence of yeast (a type of fungus) and treated them with topical and oral antifungals. The authors noted that all six patients have improved skin conditions.

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