Cytomegalovirus Esophagitis

Cytomegalovirus esophagitis is an infection of the blood vessels underneath the surface lining of the esophagus.

Symptoms of CMV Esophagitis

The symptoms of cytomegalovirus esophagitis are:

  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Pain
  • Feeling that food gets stuck after swallowing
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite


Your doctor would look for the following clinical signs of cytomegalovirus esophagitis:

  • Ulcers and sores in the esophagus
  • Biopsy or tissue sample showing cytomegalovirus infection

Cytomegalovirus Esophagitis Cause

This skin condition is caused by an opportunistic infection by the cytomegalovirus or CMV. It is called an opportunistic infection because it occurs when the body’s natural immune system is already in a weakened state, caused by a disease such as AIDS or chemotherapy treatment for cancer.

Treatment of CMV Esophagitis

The treatment for cytomegalovirus esophagitis is intravenous administration of ganciclovir or foscarnet.

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