Wrinkles appear when the collagen and elastin in the connective tissues of the skin become weakened or decline in number. This causes the skin to:

  • Become thinner
  • Lose fat content
  • Lose elasticity and smoothness
  • Become sagging

Symptoms of Wrinkles

The symptoms of wrinkles are:

  • Lines and at times deep creases in the skin
  • Sagging skin
  • Usually more pronounced on areas near the eye and lips, as well as the neck.

These lines and creases may be temporary, and become deeper and more permanent as the person ages.

Causes of Wrinkles

Wrinkles are part of normal aging. However, the following activities can cause premature wrinkles or worsen the appearance of wrinkles:

  • Sun damage and suntanning
  • Smoking
  • Drug use
  • Stress

The extent of wrinkles are often genetically determined.

Treatment for Wrinkle

There are many over-the-counter anti-wrinkle creams. Most have alpha-hydroxy acids, which cause peeling or shedding of the outermost layer of the skin to reveal a more firm layer underneath.

Medical and prescribed cosmetic treatment for wrinkles include:

  • Prescription creams
    Tritenoin and retinoic acid creams have been shown to reduce fine lines and thicken the skin. These creams should be used carefully, as they may also cause peeling, redness, and sensitivity to sunlight and ultraviolet lights.

  • Collagen injection
    Here, collagen is used to "fill out" deep wrinkle lines and creases.

  • Botox injection
    Botox is a toxin that paralyses the muscle. When injected in small amounts on the sites of the wrinkle, it can create a temporary appearance of smoother skin.

  • Dermabrasion and laser resufacing

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